Transcoding is the process of converting from one audio format to another. This allows for streaming of formats that wouldn’t be streamable otherwise, or reducing the quality of an audio file to allow a decent streaming for clients with limited bandwidth, such as the ones running on a mobile connection.
Transcoding in Supysonic is achieved through the use of third-party command-line programs. Supysonic isn’t bundled with such programs, and you are left to choose which one you want to use.
If you want to use transcoding but your client doesn’t allow you to do so, you can force Supysonic to transcode for that client by going to your profile page on the web interface.
Configuration of transcoders is done on the [transcoding] section of the configuration file.
Transcoding can be done by one single program which is able to convert from one format directly to another one, or by two programs: a decoder and an encoder. All these are defined by the following variables:
EXT is the lowercase file extension of the matching audio format.
transcoders variables have two extensions: the first one is the source
extension, and the second one is the extension to convert to. The same way,
decoders extension is the source extension, and
is the extension to convert to.
The value of
default_transcode_target will be used as output format when a
client requests a bitrate lower than the original file and no specific format.
Notice that all of them have a version without extension. Those are generic versions. The programs defined with these variables should be able to transcode/decode/encode any format. For that reason, we suggest you don’t use these if you want to keep control over the available transcoders.
Supysonic will take the first available transcoding configuration in the following order:
specific decoder / specific encoder
generic decoder / generic encoder (with the possibility to use a generic decoder with a specific encoder, and vice-versa)
All the variables should be set to the command-line used to run the converter program. The command-lines can include the following fields:
path to the original file to transcode
extension of the original file
extension of the resulting file
bitrate of the resulting file
title of the file to transcode
album name of the file to transcode
artist name of the file to transcode
track number of the file to transcode
number of tracks in the album of the file to transcode
disc number of the file to transcode
genre of the file to transcode (not always available, defaults to “”)
year of the file to transcode (not always available, defaults to “”)
One final note: the original file should be provided as an argument of transcoders and decoders. All transcoders, decoders and encoders should write to standard output, and encoders should read from standard input (decoders output being piped into encoders)
Here is an example configuration that you could use. This is provided as-is, and some configurations haven’t been tested.
[transcoding] transcoder_mp3_mp3 = lame --quiet --mp3input -b %outrate %srcpath - transcoder = ffmpeg -i %srcpath -ab %outratek -v 0 -f %outfmt - decoder_mp3 = mpg123 --quiet -w - %srcpath decoder_ogg = oggdec -o %srcpath decoder_flac = flac -d -c -s %srcpath encoder_mp3 = lame --quiet -b %outrate - - encoder_ogg = oggenc2 -Q -M %outrate - default_transcode_target = mp3
To include track metadata in the transcoded stream:
[transcoding] transcoder_mp3_mp3 = lame --quiet --mp3input -b %outrate --tt %title --tl %album --ta %artist --tn %tracknumber/%totaltracks --tv TPOS=%discnumber --tg %genre --ty %year --add-id3v2 %srcpath - transcoder = ffmpeg -i %srcpath -ab %outratek -v 0 -metadata title=%title -metadata album=%album -metadata author=%artist -metadata track=%tracknumber/%totaltracks -metadata disc=%discnumber -metadata genre=%genre -metadata date=%year -f %outfmt - decoder_mp3 = mpg123 --quiet -w - %srcpath decoder_ogg = oggdec -o %srcpath decoder_flac = flac -d -c -s %srcpath encoder_mp3 = lame --quiet -b %outrate --tt %title --tl %album --ta %artist --tn %tracknumber/%totaltracks --tv TPOS=%discnumber --tg %genre --ty %year --add-id3v2 - - encoder_ogg = oggenc2 -Q -M %outrate -t %title -l %album -a %artist -N %tracknumber -c TOTALTRACKS=%totaltracks -c DISCNUMBER=%discnumber -G %genre -d %year - default_transcode_target = mp3
Once the transcoding configuration has been set, most clients will require the user to specify that they want to transcode files. This might be done on the client itself, but most importantly it should be done on Supysonic web interface. Not doing so might prevent some clients to properly request transcoding.
To enable transcoding with the web interface, you should first start using the client you want to set transcoding for. Only browsing the library should suffice. Then open your browser of choice and navigate to the URL of your Supysonic instance. Log in with your credentials and the click on your username in the top bar. There you should be presented with a list of clients you used to connect to Supysonic and be able to set your preferred streaming format and bitrate.